Reliance to Spin Off Oil-to-Chemicals With $25 Billion Loan

The conglomerate expects separation to be completed by September. Unit contributed more than 60% to the group’s revenue.

Reliance to Spin Off Oil-to-Chemicals With $25 Billion Loan
A Reliance Industries Ltd. oil tanker trucks sit parked near Jawaharlal Nehru Port, operated by JNPT, in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. (Photographer Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg)

Reliance Industries Ltd. has started carving out its new oil-to-chemicals operation into an independent unit with a $25 billion loan from the parent, as billionaire Mukesh Ambani steps up efforts to unlock the value of his businesses.

The wholly owned unit’s assets will be funded by the interest-bearing loan, which will be an “efficient mechanism to upstream cash, including any potential capital receipts,” in the unit, according to a company presentation filed with the stock exchanges.

Oil-to-chemicals contributed more than 60% in the last financial year to the group’s revenue that’s been lately pivoting toward consumer businesses such as technology and retail. Splitting the business will make it easier for Ambani to bring in investors and help expedite a proposed stake sale to Saudi Arabian Oil Co.

“With this reorganization, RIL will have four growth engines- digital, retail, new materials and new energy,” Morgan Stanley analyst Mayank Maheshwari wrote in a Feb. 23 note. “While the market appreciates the value for the first two businesses we see significant upside risk to earnings and multiples for O2C as RIL invests in new energy/technology.”

Shares of Reliance closed 0.8% higher at 2,023.45 rupees apiece in Mumbai, outpacing the benchmark S&P BSE Sensex, which ended little changed.

Potential Stake Sale

Creating the unit “facilitates participation by strategic and financial investors for value discovery and unlocking,” Reliance Industries said in the presentation. It expects the separation to be completed by September. Approvals have been received from the markets regulator and stock exchanges, and the company will seek a nod from shareholders and creditors in the first quarter of the year starting April, it said.

Reliance’s “separation of its O2C business to a subsidiary will facilitate a potential stake sale to Aramco, possibly enabling a further reduction” in its net debt, Sweta Patodia, an analyst at Moody’s Investors Service said in an email.

Ambani amassed more than $27 billion last year from global investors including Facebook Inc. and Google through stake sales in his retail and digital ventures, turning Reliance net-debt-free. Ambani has promised to offer 5G services on his wireless network as early as this year and expand into cleaner fuels to ride the global energy transition.

The spinoff won’t dilute earnings or restrict cash flows for Reliance and it expects to retain its investment grade international and domestic credit ratings, according to the presentation. Reliance said it plans to accelerate hydrogen production and invest in carbon capture and storage technologies to convert carbon dioxide into useful products and chemicals.

Reliance has floated separate units twice earlier for funding two refineries on India’s west coast. The entities were merged with the parent on the completion of the plants, which can together now process 1.4 million barrels of crude daily, making it the world’s biggest oil refining complex.

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