Higher Risk Weight On Unsecured Bank Loans Credit Positive: Moody's
Moody's said that over the past few years, India's unsecured lending segment has become very competitive.
The RBI's decision to tighten norms for unsecured personal loans is credit positive because lenders will need to allocate higher capital for such loans, thus improving their loss-absorbing buffers, Moody's Investors Service said on Monday.
The Reserve Bank of India last week raised risk weights on unsecured retail loans, credit cards and lending to non-banking finance companies by 25 percentage points.
Moody's said unsecured loans have been growing rapidly in the past few years, exposing financial institutions to a potential spike in credit costs in case of sudden economic or interest rate shocks.
“The tightening of underwriting norms through higher risk-weighted assets is credit positive because lenders will need to allocate higher capitals for such loans improving their loss-absorbing buffers and may dampen their growth appetite,” Moody's said in a statement.
It said that over the past few years, India's unsecured lending segment has become very competitive, with banks, NBFCs and financial technology (fintech) companies, including several new entrants, aggressively growing loans in this category.
In the past two years, personal loans grew around 24% and credit card loans rose 28% on an average compared with the overall banking sector's credit growth of around 15%, Moody's said.
“We expect banks would be able to absorb higher risk weights on their capital because the overall banking sector's exposure to unsecured retail credit is small at around 10% of loans as of September 2023 and the sector's overall capitalization is at historically high levels with a Common Equity Tier 1 ratio of 13.9% as of March 2023,” Moody's said.
However, the impact of the new underwriting rules could vary among individual lenders depending on their exposure to unsecured loans, it added.
Last week, U.S.-based S&P Global Ratings had said that the RBI's decision to tighten norms for unsecured consumer credit is likely to hit banks' capital adequacy by 60 basis points.
The move could lead to higher lending rates, lower credit growth and increase the need for capital raising among weak lenders, it added.